Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)

PRP at Pinnacle Integrative Health

A Revolutionary Approach to Managing Musculoskeletal Disorders

Chronic musculoskeletal pain accounts for the most commonly reported medical complaint in the United States. The treatment options for patients with these often debilitating conditions range from physical therapy to surgery. However, physical therapy may be ineffective or too painful, and surgery may result in postsurgical complications (i.e., decreased mobility) or may not even relieve the pain.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and stem cell injections are revolutionary approaches to managing musculoskeletal disorders with the potential to change the face of medicine. Researchers and clinicians in the field of regenerative medicine are developing new techniques aimed at repairing as well as replacing pathologic, damaged, and degenerated tissue.

How is PRP prepared?

The treatment, platelet-rich plasma therapy, or P.R.P., involves centrifuging a person’s own blood until it contains a concentrated mix of plasma cells and growth factors and then injecting the resulting substance directly into the injured or degenerated tissue.

How Many Treatments Will I Need?

A standard protocol per area is one treatment per week for three weeks.  The healing process can take one to three months.  Additional treatments may be necessary based on how much healing occurred during that initial treatment phase.

Basic Science

Initially thought to be solely the bandages of the circulatory system, the contents of platelets, have been found to contain a number of growth factors crucial to the reparative process. Platelets also release cytokines which act as “homing signals” to circulating mesenchymal cells, resulting in a cascade of events that increase the production of collagen (the basis of joint and connective tissue).

  1. Mascarenhas R, Saltzman BM, Fortier LA, Cole BJ. Role of platelet-rich plasma in articular cartilage injury and disease [published online July 28, 2014]. J Knee Surg..
  2. Dhillon MS, Behera P, Patel S, Shetty V. Orthobiologics and platelet rich plasma. Indian J Orthop.2014; 48(1): 1-9. doi:10.4103/0019-5413.125477.[CrossRef][PubMed]

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